Home Health What is Bariatric Surgery and what are its benefits?

What is Bariatric Surgery and what are its benefits?

What is Bariatric Surgery and what are its benefits?
The doctor shows the structure of the stomach on the screen.

Obesity is a significant global health issue, leading to severe health complications, decreased quality of life, and a rise in related conditions like heart disease and diabetes. In recent years, bariatric surgery has gained popularity as a viable solution for individuals struggling to achieve weight loss through traditional means. Bariatric surgery refers to procedures that aid in significant weight reduction. For those considering Bariatric Surgery in Delhi, understanding the intricacies of the procedure and its benefits is crucial.

What Is Bariatric Surgery?

Bariatric surgery involves making changes to the digestive system to facilitate weight loss. The two primary categories are restrictive procedures and malabsorptive procedures:

  • Restrictive Procedures: These procedures reduce the stomach’s capacity, leading to a quicker sensation of fullness. The most common types include gastric banding, where a band is placed around the upper part of the stomach to create a small pouch, and sleeve gastrectomy, which involves surgically removing a portion of the stomach.
  • Malabsorptive Procedures: These procedures bypass parts of the digestive tract, reducing the absorption of nutrients. Gastric bypass surgery is the most well-known, where a small stomach pouch is created and connected directly to the small intestine, bypassing most of the stomach and the initial part of the small intestine.

Some procedures combine both restrictive and malabsorptive techniques, providing a more comprehensive approach to weight loss.

Benefits of Bariatric Surgery

1. Significant Weight Loss

The primary goal of bariatric surgery is to help individuals achieve substantial and sustained weight loss. By reducing stomach size or bypassing portions of the digestive system, the body limits the amount of food consumed and absorbed. Most patients lose 60-80% of their excess weight within the first year following surgery. This weight loss is typically maintained over time, provided that patients adhere to a recommended diet and exercise regimen.

2. Improvement in Obesity-Related Conditions

Bariatric surgery’s impact on obesity-related health conditions is one of its most significant benefits:

  • Type 2 Diabetes: Several studies show that bariatric surgery can lead to long-term remission of Type 2 diabetes. This improvement occurs due to changes in gut hormones that influence insulin production and sensitivity.
  • Hypertension: Many patients experience a notable reduction or even normalization of blood pressure levels post-surgery, often enabling them to reduce or eliminate medication.
  • Sleep Apnea: Weight loss can improve or resolve obstructive sleep apnea, reducing the need for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines.
  • Joint Pain: Excess weight places significant stress on joints, particularly the knees and hips. Weight reduction following surgery alleviates joint pain and enhances mobility.

3. Enhanced Quality of Life

Weight loss through bariatric surgery often translates into improved mental and emotional health. Patients frequently report enhanced self-esteem, and confidence, and reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety. Increased energy levels, better mobility, and greater ease in performing daily tasks all contribute to a more active and fulfilling lifestyle.

4. Increased Longevity

Obesity-related conditions often shorten life expectancy. By reducing weight and improving comorbidities like diabetes and hypertension, bariatric surgery can extend a patient’s lifespan. Studies show that individuals who undergo bariatric surgery have a significantly lower risk of mortality than those who remain morbidly obese.

5. Fertility and Pregnancy

For women struggling with infertility due to obesity or conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), bariatric surgery can improve fertility outcomes. Many women who were previously unable to conceive report successful pregnancies post-surgery. However, it’s recommended to wait 12 to 18 months after the procedure before attempting pregnancy to ensure optimal nutrition and health.

6. Behavioral Changes and Support

Bariatric surgery requires lifestyle changes that, while challenging initially, can encourage healthier long-term habits. The procedure is often coupled with comprehensive support from dietitians, psychologists, and fitness trainers, providing patients with the tools they need to sustain their progress.

Preparing for Bariatric Surgery in Delhi

If you’re considering Bariatric Surgery in Delhi, it’s essential to undergo a thorough evaluation to determine whether the procedure is suitable for you. This evaluation typically involves:

  • Medical History and Physical Examination: The surgeon will review your health history and assess your current health status.
  • Psychological Evaluation: Mental health professionals evaluate your emotional readiness for surgery and the significant lifestyle changes required afterward.
  • Nutritional Assessment: A dietitian will help identify dietary adjustments needed before and after surgery.
  • Pre-Surgical Tests: Blood tests, imaging, and other diagnostics help identify any conditions that could complicate surgery.


Bariatric surgery is a life-changing procedure that offers substantial benefits, particularly for those unable to achieve weight loss through traditional means. The weight loss, improved quality of life, and reversal or management of obesity-related conditions make this an attractive option for many patients. Consulting with a qualified bariatric surgeon is crucial to determine whether this procedure is the right step for you. In Delhi, surgeons specializing in bariatric surgery can provide comprehensive care and support to guide you through this transformative journey. Ultimately, bariatric surgery, coupled with long-term lifestyle changes, can empower individuals to reclaim their health and lead happier, more active lives.

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